Warum U.S. President John F. Kennedy sterben mußte.
Die Geldmacht der USA in den Händen eines Privatunternehmens
Nur wenige Monate vor dem Attentat auf Präsident John F. Kennedy hat Joseph Kennedy seinen Sohn im Weißes Haus besucht. Eine Angestellte hat bei einer späteren Anhörung im Kongress unter Eid ausgesagt, daß sie die Unterhaltung des Präsidenten mit seinem Vater im Oval Office von einem Nebenraum aus teilweise mit angehört habe.
Der Präsident sei von seinem Vater plötzlich laut angeschrien worden: „Wenn du das tust, dann bringen sie dich um!“
Eine seiner bedeutendsten Amtshandlungen kam denn auch einem (und zwar seinem!) Todesurteil gleich:
Präsident Kennedy unterzeichnete am 4. Juni 1963 ein präsidiales Dokument und zwar die „executive order number 11110“, mit dem er das frühere Dokument „executive order number 10289“ außer Kraft setzte.
Dieser präsidiale Beschluß ermächtigte den Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten, die Herstellung von Banknoten wieder in die Gewalt des Staates zurückzubringen!
Um die Tragweite dieser Amtshandlung Präsident Kennedys ermessen zu können, sollte man sich zunächst einmal der Tatsache bewußt werden, wie ungeheuer frech
- die mächtigste Nation der Welt
- von einem Dutzend Privatbankiers
- bis auf den heutigen Tag – zum Narren gehalten wird!
In den USA ermächtigt der Staat eine von Privatbankiers geführte Notenbank seit 1913, wertloses Papier mit Hilfe einer Druckmaschine in Geld zu verwandeln.
Anschließend kauft der souveräne (?) amerikanische Staat den Privatbankiers der Notenbank dieses bedruckte Papier – inzwischen mit der Bezeichnung Dollar aufgewertet – gegen hohe Zinsen wieder ab, um damit seine Beamten, das Militär, die Sozialsysteme, die Weltraumforschung und alle anderen Staatsaufgaben zu bezahlen!
- Was hier zunächst wie ein schlechter Witz anmutet, ist 1910 durch eine lückenlos dokumentierte Bankiersverschwörung eingefädelt und
- 1913 nach einem beispiellosen Täuschungsmanöver und Betrug am amerikanischen Volk unter Leitung des jüdischen Hochgradfreimaureres Bankiers Paul Warburg in einer Nacht- und Nebelaktion vom Kongreß zum Gesetz erhoben worden.
- Der angesehene Kongressabgeordnete Charles A. Lindbergh Sr., der Vater des berühmten Antlantiküberquerers gleichen Namens Charles A. Lindbergh Jr., nannte diese Ungeheuerlichkeit das größte Verbrechen in der Geschichte der USA.
- Nach meiner Einschätzung war es sogar das schwerste Verbrechen der Welt, denn die Folgen haben sich im Laufe der Zeit wie ein Pesthauch über den ganzen Globus gelegt.
Auf dieses so genannte Federal Reserve Gesetz von 1913 hatte es Präsident Kennedy abgesehen. Er wollte dem US-Kongreß die selbstverständliche Macht zurückgeben, das Staatsgeld in eigener Regie zu drucken.
Es hätte dann zum Wohle der ganzen Nation zinslos in den Geldkreislauf der USA eingebracht werden können. Die mächtigen Zinsschmarotzer wären somit leer ausgegangen.
Eine Sternstunde der Menschheit – wenn man bedenkt, welche Signalwirkung von diesem präsidialen „Staatsstreich“ auch international ausgegangen wäre! Kongressdokumente, die erst kürzlich ans Tageslicht gekommen sind, beweisen, daß Präsident Kennedy sogar schon damit begonnen hatte, das neue Staatsgeld unter der Bezeichnung
„United States Notes“
drucken zu lassen und in Umlauf zu bringen.
- Immerhin 4 Milliarden Dollar in 2-Dollar- und in 5-Dollar-Noten sind noch zu seinen Lebzeiten der Geldzirkulation zugeführt worden.
- Als Kennedy ermordet wurde, befanden sich die neuen 10- und 20Dollar-Scheine noch in der Staatsdruckerei.
- Sie wurden unmittelbar nach dem Attentat von den zwölf Privatbanken, aus denen sich die amerikanische Notenbank zusammensetzt, restlos vernichtet.
- Die bereits kursierenden „United States Notes“ wurden in einer konzertierten Geheimaktion aller Privatbanken (andere Banken gibt es in den USA gar nicht!) unauffällig aus dem Verkehr gezogen, das heißt, gegen normales Schuldgeld ausgetauscht.
- Das amerikanische Volk und die übrige Welt erfuhren nichts davon. Seit dieser Zeit (1964) hat es kein Präsident der USA mehr gewagt, sich der Macht des Großkapitals zu widersetzen.
Aus: Hermann Benjes: Wer hat Angst vor Silvio Gesell? S. 299 – 301.
This executive order delegated to the Secretary of the Treasury the President’s authority to issue silver certificates under the Thomas Amendment of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, as amended by the Gold Reserve Act. The order allowed the Secretary to issue silver certificates, if any were needed, during the transition period under President Kennedy’s plan to eliminate silver certificates.
On November 28, 1961, President Kennedy halted sales of silver by the Treasury Department. Increasing demand of silver as an industrial metal had led to an increase in the market price of silver above the United States government’s fixed price. This led to a decline in the government’s excess silver reserves by over 80% during 1961. President Kennedy also called upon Congress to phase out silver certificates in favor of Federal Reserve notes.
President Kennedy repeated his calls for Congress to act on several occasions, including his 1963 Economic Report, where he wrote:
I again urge a revision in our silver policy to reflect the status of silver as a metal for which there is an expanding industrial demand. Except for its use in coins, silver serves no useful monetary function.
In 1961, at my direction, sales of silver were suspended by the Secretary of the Treasury. As further steps, I recommend repeal of those Acts that oblige the Treasury to support the price of silver; and repeal of the special 50-percent tax on transfers of interest in silver and authorization for the Federal Reserve System to issue notes in denominations of $1, so as to make possible the gradual withdrawal of silver certificates from circulation and the use of the silver thus released for coinage purposes. I urge the Congress to take prompt action on these recommended changes.
Public Law 88-36
President Kennedy signed the bill into law on June 4, 1963 and also signed an executive order (11110) authorizing the Treasury Secretary to continue printing silver certificates during the transition period.The act, which became Public Law 88-36 (77 Stat. 54), repealed the Silver Purchase Act of 1934 and related laws, repealed a tax on silver transfers, and authorized the Federal Reserve to issue one- and two-dollar bills, in addition to the notes they were already issuing. The Silver Purchase Act had authorized and required the Secretary Treasury to buy silver and issue silver certificates. With its repeal, the President needed to delegate to the Treasury Secretary the President’s own authority under the Agricultural Adjustment Act.
Text of Executive Order
President Kennedy’s Executive Order (E.O.) 11110 modified the pre-existing Executive Order 10289 issued by U.S. President Harry S. Truman in 1951, and stated the following:
„The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby designated and empowered to perform the following-described functions of the President without the approval, ratification, or other action of the President…“
The order then lists tasks (a) through (h) which the Secretary may now do without instruction from the President. None of the powers assigned to the Treasury in E.O. 10289 relate to money or to monetary policy. Kennedy’s E.O. 11110 then instructs that:
SECTION 1. Executive Order No. 10289 of September 9, 1951, as amended, is hereby further amended (a) By adding at the end of paragraph 1 thereof the following subparagraph (j):
‚(j) The authority vested in the President by paragraph (b) of section 43 of the Act of May 12, 1933, as amended (31 U.S.C. 821(b)), to issue silver certificates against any silver bullion, silver, or standard silver dollars in the Treasury not then held for redemption of an outstanding silver certificates, to prescribe the denominations of such silver certificates, and to coin standard silver dollars and subsidiary silver currency for their redemption,‘ and (b) By revoking subparagraphs (b) and (c) of paragraph 2 thereof.
SECTION 2. The amendments made by this Order shall not affect any act done, or any right accruing or accrued or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil or criminal cause prior to the date of this Order but all such liabilities shall continue and may be enforced as if said amendments had not been made.
John F. Kennedy,
THE WHITE HOUSE,
June 4, 1963.
E.O. 11110 was not reversed by President Lyndon B. Johnson and the section added to E.O. 10289 remained on the books until President Ronald Reagan issued Executive Order 12608 on September 9, 1987 as part of a general clean-up of executive orders. E.O. 12608 specifically revoked the section added by E.O. 11110 which effectively revoked the entire Order. By this time, however, the remaining legislative authority behind E.O. 11110 had been repealed by Congress when Pub.L. 97-258 was passed in 1982.
In March 1964, Secretary of the Treasury C. Douglas Dillon halted redemption of silver certificates for silver dollars. In the 1970s, large numbers of the remaining silver dollars in the mint vaults were sold to the collecting public for collector value. All redemption in silver ceased on June 24, 1968.
Executive Order 11110 is quite infamous among conspiracy theorists, such as Jim Marrs, author of the 1989 book Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, who speculate that there is a link between the John F. Kennedy assassination and E.O. 11110 by arguing that the Federal Reserve Board was involved in the murder to protect its power over the monetary policy of the United States. G. Thomas Woodward, in the Congressional Research Service’s report for Congress, Money and the Federal Reserve System: Myth and Reality, writes:
According to author Jim Mars, Executive Order 11110 issued by President Kennedy on June 4, 1963 authorized the issuance of $4,292,893,815 in United States Notes. Mars further asserts that after President Kennedy’s assassination, the order was never carried out.
The claim is not borne out by the facts. First, E.O. 11110 had nothing to do with United States Notes, and did not affect any section of law referring to them. Second, E.O. 11110 did not anywhere mention any quantity of money; wherever the $4 billion-plus figure came from, it was not E.O. 11110. Third, The President had no authority to issue such an edict. Even utilizing the provisions of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933, the most the President could issue without statutory authorization was $3 billion.
The reason for the move was that the President had just signed legislation repealing the Silver Purchase Act. With this repeal, the Treasury Secretary could no longer control the issue of Silver Certificates on his own authority. However, the issuance of certificates could be controlled under the President’s authority. Hence, for administrative convenience, President Kennedy issued Executive Order 11110.
Ironically, the purpose of the order and the legislation was to decrease the circulation of Silver Certificates, with Federal Reserve Notes taking their place.
To conserve on the silver needs of the Treasury, President Kennedy requested legislation needed to bring the issuance of Silver Certificates to an end and to authorize the Fed to issue small denomination notes (which it could not at that time). The Fed began issuing small denomination notes almost immediately after the legislation was passed. And in October 1964, the Treasury ceased issuing Silver Certificates altogether. If anything, E.O. 11110 enhanced Federal Reserve power and did not in any way reduce it.
Executive Order 10289–Providing for the performance of certain functions of the President by the Secretary of the Treasury
Source: The provisions of Executive Order 10289 of Sept. 17, 1951, appear at 16 FR 9499, 3 CFR, 1949-1953 Comp., p. 787, unless otherwise noted.
By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 1 of the act of August 8, 1950, 64 Stat. 419 (Public Law 673, 81st Congress), and as President of the United States, it is ordered as follows:
1. The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby designated and empowered to perform the following-described functions of the President without the approval, ratification, or other action of the President:
(a) The authority vested in the President by section 1 of the act of August 1, 1914, c. 223, 38 Stat. 609, 623, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2), (1) to rearrange, by consolidation or otherwise, the several customs-collection districts, (2) to discontinue ports of entry by abolishing the same and establishing others in their stead, and (3) to change from time to time the location of the headquarters in any customs-collection district as the needs of the service may require.
(b) The authority vested in the President by section 1 of the Anti-Smuggling Act of August 5, 1935, c. 438, 49 Stat. 517 (19 U.S.C. 1701), (1) to find and declare that at any place or within any area on the high seas adjacent to but outside customs waters any vessel or vessels hover or are being kept off the coast of the United States and that, by virtue of the presence of any such vessel or vessels at such place or within such area, the unlawful introduction or removal into or from the United States of any merchandise or person is being, or may be, occasioned, promoted, or threatened, (2) to find and declare that certain waters on the high seas are in such proximity to such vessel or vessels that such unlawful introduction or removal of merchandise or persons may be carried on by or to or from such vessel or vessels, and (3) to find and declare that, within any customs-enforcement area, the circumstances no longer exist which gave rise to the declaration of such area as a customs-enforcement area.
(c) The authority vested in the President by section 1 of the Act of August 26, 1985, Public Law 98-89, 97 Stat. 510 (46 U.S.C. 3101); to suspend the provisions of law requiring the inspection of foreign-built vessels admitted to American registry.
(d) The authority vested in the President by section 5 of the act of May 28, 1908, c. 212, 35 Stat. 425, as amended (46 U.S.C. Appendix 104), to determine (as a prerequisite to the extension of reciprocal privileges by the Commissioner of Customs) that yachts used and employed exclusively as pleasure vessels and belonging to any resident of the United States are allowed to arrive at and depart from any foreign port and to cruise in the waters of such port without entering or clearing at the custom-house thereof and without the payment of any charges for entering or clearing, dues, duty per ton, tonnage taxes, or charges for cruising licenses.
(e) The authority vested in the President by section 2 of the act of March 24, 1908, c. 96, 35 Stat. 46 (46 U.S.C. Appendix 134), to name the hospital ships to which section 1 of the said act shall apply to indicate the time when the exemptions thereby provided for shall begin and end.
(f) The authority vested in the President by section 4223 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (46 U.S.C. Appendix 141), (1) to declare that–upon satisfactory proof being given by the government of any foreign nation that no discriminating duties of tonnage or imposts are imposed or levied in the ports of such nation upon vessels wholly belonging to citizens of the United States, or upon the produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported in the same from the United States or from any foreign country–the foreign discriminating duties of tonnage and impost within the United States are suspended and discontinued, so far as respects the vessels of such foreign nation, and the produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported into the United States from such foreign nation, or from any other foreign country, and (2) to suspend in part the operation of section 4219 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (46 U.S.C. Appendix 121), and section IV, J, subsection 1 of the act of October 3, 1913, c. 16, 38 Stat. 195, as amended (46 U.S.C. Appendix 146), so that foreign vessels from a country imposing partial discriminating tonnage duties upon American vessels, or partial discriminating import duties upon American merchandise, may enjoy in our ports the identical privileges which the same class of American vessels and merchandise may enjoy in such country: Provided, that prior to the issuance of an order of the Secretary of the Treasury suspending and discontinuing (wholly or in part) discriminating tonnage duties, imposts, and import duties within the United States, the Department of State shall obtain and furnish to the Secretary of the Treasury the proof required by the said section 4228, as amended as the basis for that order.
(g) The authority vested in the President by section 3650 of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. 3650) to establish convenient collection districts (for the purpose of assessing, levying, and collecting the taxes provided by the internal revenue laws), and from time to time to alter such districts.
(h) The authority which is now vested in the President by section 2564 (b) of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. 2564 (b)), and which on and after January 1, 1955, will be vested in the President by section 4735 (b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, to issue, in accordance with the provisions of the said section 2564 (b) or 4735 (b), as the case may be, orders providing for the registration and the imposition of a special tax upon all persons in the Canal Zone who produce, import compound, deal in, dispense, sell, distribute, or give away narcotic drugs.
(i) The authority vested in the President by Section 5318 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (19 U.S.C. 540), to employ suitable vessels other than Coast Guard cutters in the execution of laws providing for the collection of duties on imports and tonnage;
[Para. 1 amended by EO 10583 of Dec. 18, 1954, 19 FR 8725, 3 CFR, 1954-1958 Comp., p. 232; EO 10882 of July 18, 1960, 25 FR 6869, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 413; EO 11110 of June 4, 1963, 28 FR 5605, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 770; EO 12608 of Sept. 9, 1987, 52 FR 34617, 3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 245]
2. The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby designated and empowered to perform without the approval, ratification, or other action of the President the following functions which have heretofore, under the respective provisions of law cited, required the approval of the President in connection with their performance by the Secretary of the Treasury:
(a) The authority vested in the Secretary of the Treasury by section 6 of the act of July 8, 1937, c. 444, 50 Stat. 480 (5 U.S.C. 134c), to make rules and regulations necessary for the execution of the functions vested in the Secretary of the Treasury by the said act, as amended.
(e) The authority vested in the Secretary of the Treasury by section 1 of Title II of the act of June 15, 1917, c. 30, 40 Stat. 220 (50 U.S.C. 191), to make rules and regulations governing the anchorage and movement of any vessel, foreign or domestic, in the territorial waters of the United States.
[Para. 2 amended by EO 11110 of June 4, 1963, 28 FR 5605, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 770; EO 11825 of Dec. 31, 1974, 40 FR 1003, 3 CFR, 1971-1975 Comp., p. 929; EO 12608 of Sept. 9, 1987, 52 FR 34617, 3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 245]
3. (a) The Secretary of the Treasury and the Postmaster General are hereby designated and empowered jointly to prescribe without the approval of the President regulations, under section 1 of the act of July 8, 1937, c. 444, 50 Stat. 479 (5 U.S.C. 134), governing the shipment of valuables by the executive departments, independent establishments, agencies, wholly-owned corporations, officers, and employees of the United States.
(b) The Postmaster General is hereby designated and empowered to exercise without the approval, ratification, or other action of the President the authority vested in the President by section 504 (b) of title 18 of the United States Code to approve regulations issued by the Secretary of the Treasury under the authority of the said section 504 (b) (relating to the printing, publishing, or importation, or the making or importation of the necessary plates for such printing or publishing, of postage stamps for philatelic purposes), and to approve any amendment or repeal of any of such regulations by the Secretary of the Treasury.
[Para. 3 amended by EO 10583 of Dec. 18, 1954, 19 FR 8725, 3 CFR, 1954-1958 Comp., p. 232]
4. As used in this order, the term „functions“ embraces duties, powers, responsibilities, authority, or discretion, and the term „perform“ may be construed to mean „exercise“.
5. All actions heretofore taken by the President in respect of the matters affected by this order and in force at the time of the issuance of this order, including regulations prescribed by the President in respect of such matters, shall, except as they may be inconsistent with the provisions of this order, remain in effect until amended, modified, or revoked pursuant to the authority conferred by this order.
- Executive Order 6102
- History of the United States dollar
- Silver standard
- United States Note
- ^ „Silver Sale by Treasury Ended; President Seeks Support Repeal“. New York Times: p. 1. November 29, 1961.
- ^ Economic Report of the President, p. XXIII. January 21, 1963. House document No. 28, 88th Congress, 1st Session. U.S. Govt. Printing Office.
- ^ Silver Legislation, April 3, 1963, House of Representatives Report No. 183, 88th Congress, 1st Session.
- ^ „Silver Act Repeal Plan Wins House Approval“. New York Times. April 11, 1963.
- ^ „House Passes Silver Bill By 251-122“. St. Petersburg Times. AP: p. 2A. April 11, 1963.
- ^ „Senate Votes End to Silver Backing“. New York Times. May 24, 1963.
- ^ „Senate Okays Replacement of Silver Notes“. Deseret News and Telegram. UPI: p. 2A. May 23, 1963.
- ^ „Kennedy Signs Silver Bill“. Spokane Daily Chronicle. AP: p. 62. June 6, 1963.
- ^ „Bill to Release Silver Is Signed by President“. New York Times. June 6, 1963.
- ^ Public Law 88-36, 77 Stat. 54, United States Statutes at Large, Vol. 77 (1963), p. 54, U.S. Govt. Printing Office.
^ a b Flaherty, Edward (September 4, 2000). „Myth #9: President Kennedy was assassinated because he tried to usurp the Federal Reserve’s power. Executive Order 11110 proves it.“.Debunking the Federal Reserve Conspiracy Theories (Political Research Associates). Retrieved December 7, 2009.
- ^ Text of Executive Order 11110 at The American Presidency Project
- ^ Text of Executive Order 12608
- ^ Marrs, Jim (1989). Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-88184-524-2.
- ^ Woodward, G. Thomas (1996). Money and the Federal Reserve System: Myth and Reality – CRS Report for Congress, No. 96-672 E. Congressional Research Service.; reprinted with footnotes in George B. Grey, ed. (2002). Federal Reserve System: background, analyses and bibliography. Nova Science. pp. 73–102. ISBN 978-1-59033-053-1.
- John F. Kennedy: Executive Order 11110
- Executive Orders Disposition Tables, John F. Kennedy – 1963
- Codification of EO 10289 at the National Archives
- JFK, Executive Order 11110 and the Warren Commission (genomega1.wordpress.com)
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- Neil Keenan responds to a reader’s Comment under his post: Cease & Desist of August 16, 2012 (jhaines6.wordpress.com)
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